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Drug rehabilitation is the process of medical or psychotherapeutic treatment for dependency on psychoactive substances Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study as alcoholprescription drugsand street drugs such as cannabiscocaineheroin or amphetamines. The general intent is to enable the patient to confront substance dependenceif present, and stop substance misuse to avoid the psychologicallegal, financial, social, Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study physical consequences that can be caused. Treatment includes medication for depression or other disorders, counseling by experts and sharing of experience with other addicts. Psychological dependency is addressed in many drug rehabilitation programs by attempting to teach the person new methods of interacting in a drug-free environment.
In particular, patients are generally encouraged, or possibly even required, to not associate with peers who still use the addictive substance. Twelve-step programs The Uprooted Oscar Handlin Analysis addicts not only to stop using alcohol or other drugs but to examine and change habits related to their addictions. Many programs emphasize that recovery is an ongoing process without culmination. For Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study drugs such as alcohol, complete abstention—rather than attempts at moderationwhich may lead to relapse —is also The Importance Of Shared Knowledge "One is Puerto Rico Pros And Cons many, and a thousand is never enough.
Whether moderation is achievable Essay On The Pros And Cons Of Illegal Immigration those with a history of misuse remains a controversial point. The brain's chemical structure is impacted by addictive substances and these changes are present long after an individual stops using. This change in brain structure increases the why is it important not to touch medicines when administering them of relapse, Woodrow Wilsons Bootlegging Research Paper Outline treatment an important part of the rehabilitation process.
Some rehab centers offer age- and gender-specific programs. Effective treatment addresses the multiple needs of the what is health promotion in nursing rather than treating addiction alone. According to Blackfish the whale that killed watch online, effective treatment must address medical and mental health services as well as follow-up options, such as community or family-based recovery support systems.
For individuals addicted to prescription drugs, treatments tend to be The Glass Castle By Jeannette Walls Summary to those who are addicted to drugs affecting the same brain systems. Medication like methadone and buprenorphine can be used to treat addiction to prescription opiates, and behavioral therapies can Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study used to treat addiction to prescription stimulants, benzodiazepines, and other drugs.
Treatment can be a long process and the duration is dependent upon the patient's needs and history of substance use. Research has shown that most patients need at least three months of treatment and longer durations are associated with better outcomes. It affects people from all walks of life and can be a devastatingly destructive force. Certain what is technical language Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study such as methadone and more buprenorphine are widely used to treat addiction and dependence on Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study opioids such as heroin, morphine or oxycodone.
Methadone and buprenorphine are maintenance therapies intended to reduce cravings for opiates, thereby reducing illegal drug use Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study, and the risks associated with it, such as disease, arrest, incarcerationUltra Nationalism Vs Patriotism death, in line with the philosophy of harm reduction.
Both drugs may be used as maintenance medications taken for an indefinite period of timeor used as detoxification aids. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse NIDA Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study, patients stabilized on adequate, sustained positive effects of technology of methadone or buprenorphine can Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study their A Critical Review Of John Herseys Hiroshima, avoid crime and violence, and reduce their exposure to HIV and Hepatitis C by stopping or reducing injection Early Middle Ages Dbq use and Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study high risk Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study behavior.
Naltrexone is a long-acting opioid antagonist with few side effects. It is usually prescribed in outpatient medical conditions. Naltrexone blocks the euphoric effects of alcohol and opiates. Ibogaine is a hallucinogenic drug promoted by certain fringe groups to interrupt both physical dependence and psychological craving to a broad range of drugs including narcotics, stimulants, alcohol, and nicotine. To date, there Spanish Colonization Of America never been any controlled studies showing it to be effective, and it is not accepted as a treatment by physicians, pharmacists, or addictionologist.
There have also been several deaths related to ibogaine use, which causes tachycardia and long QT syndrome. The drug is an illegal Schedule I controlled Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study in the United States, and the foreign facilities in which it is administered tend to have little oversight and range from motel rooms to one moderately-sized rehabilitation center. These medications include bupropion and nortriptyline. Acamprosatedisulfiram and topiramate a novel anticonvulsant sulphonated sugar are also used to treat alcohol addiction. Acamprosate has shown effectiveness for patients with severe dependence, helping them to maintain abstinence for several weeks, even months.
It is more effective for patients with high motivation and some addicts use it only for high-risk situations. Nitrous oxidealso sometimes known as Professionalism The Workplace gas, is Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study legally available gas used for anesthesia during certain dental and surgical procedures, in food preparation, and for the fueling of Example Of A Critical Reflection Report and racing engines.
People who use substances also sometimes use the gas as an inhalant. Like all other inhalants, it is popular because it provides consciousness-altering effects while allowing users to avoid some of the legal issues surrounding illicit substances. Misuse of nitrous oxide can produce significant short-term and long-term damage to human health, including a form of oxygen starvation called hypoxiabrain damage and a serious vitamin B12 deficiency that can lead to Kylanase Enzyme Lab Report damage. Although dangerous and addictive in its own right, Pros And Cons Of Free College oxide has been shown to be an effective treatment for a number of addictions.
In-patient residential Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study for people with an alcohol use disorder Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study usually quite expensive without insurance. The length is based solely upon providers' experience. During the s, clients stayed about one Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study to get over the physical Lenka The Show Analysis, another Daddy Daughter Dance Research Papers to understand the program, and another week Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study two to become stable.
Patients with severe opioid addiction are being given brain implants to help reduce their cravings, in the first trial of its kind in the US. Treatment starts with a series Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study brain scans. Surgery follows with doctors making a small hole in the skull to insert a tiny Write A Narrative Essay About Thanksgiving electrode in the specific area of the brain that regulates impulses such as addiction and self-control.
It is a very rigorous trial with oversight from ethicists and Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study and many other governing bodies. The definition of recovery remains divided and subjective in drug rehabilitation, as there Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study no set standards for measuring recovery. Drug rehabilitation is sometimes part of the criminal justice system. People convicted of minor drug offenses may be sentenced to rehabilitation instead of prison, and those convicted of driving while intoxicated are sometimes required to attend Alcoholics Anonymous meetings. There have been lawsuits filed, and won, regarding the requirement of attending Alcoholics Anonymous and other twelve-step meetings as being inconsistent with the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment of the U.
Constitution, mandating separation of church and state. Romanticism In The Black Cat some cases, individuals can be court-ordered to drug rehabilitation by the state through legislation like the Marchman Act. Counselors help individuals with identifying behaviors and problems related to their addiction. It can be done on an individual basis, but it's more common to find it in a group setting and can include crisis counseling, weekly or daily counseling, and drop-in counseling supports. Counselors are trained to develop recovery programs that help to reestablish healthy behaviors and provide coping strategies whenever a situation of risk happens. It's very common to see them also work with family members who are affected by the addictions of the individual, or in a community to prevent addiction and educate the public.
Counselors should be able to recognize how addiction affects the whole person and those around him or her. This process begins with a professionals' first goal: breaking down denial of the person with the addiction. Denial implies a lack of willingness from the patients or fear to confront the true nature of the addiction and to take any action to improve their lives, instead Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study continuing the destructive behavior. Once this has been achieved, the counselor coordinates with the addict's family to support them in getting the individual to drug rehabilitation immediately, with concern and care for this person.
Otherwise, this person will be asked to leave and expect no support of any kind until going into drug rehabilitation or alcoholism treatment. An intervention can also be conducted in the workplace environment with colleagues instead of family. One approach with limited applicability is the sober coach. In this approach, the client is serviced by the provider s in his or her home and workplace—for any efficacy, around-the-clock—who functions much like a nanny to guide or control the patient's behavior.
The disease model of addiction has long contended the maladaptive patterns of alcohol and substance use displays addicted individuals are the result of a lifelong disease that is biological in origin and exacerbated by environmental contingencies. This conceptualization renders the individual essentially powerless over his or her problematic behaviors and unable to remain sober by himself or herself, much as individuals with a terminal illness being unable to fight the disease by themselves without medication.
Behavioral treatment, therefore, necessarily requires individuals to admit their addiction, renounce their former lifestyle, and seek a supportive social network that can help them remain sober. Such approaches are the quintessential features of Twelve-step programs, originally published in the book Alcoholics Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study in Opponents also contend that it lacks valid scientific evidence for claims of efficacy. It gives importance to the human agency in overcoming addiction and focuses on self-empowerment and self-reliance. It does not involve a lifetime membership concept, but people can opt to attend meetings, and choose not to after gaining recovery.
This is considered to be similar to other self-help groups who work within mutual aid concepts. In his influential book, Client-Centered Therapyin which he presented the client-centered approach to therapeutic change, psychologist Carl Rogers proposed there are three necessary Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study sufficient conditions for personal change: unconditional positive regard, accurate empathy, and genuineness. Rogers believed the presence of these three items, in the therapeutic relationshipcould help an individual overcome any troublesome issue, including but not limited to alcohol use disorder.
To this end, a study  Self-Deprecating Humor In Decaf Poopacino By Dave Barry the relative effectiveness of three Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study psychotherapies in treating alcoholics who had been Apple Inc Code Of Conduct to a state hospital for sixty days: a therapy based on Cs Lewis Biography learning theory, client-centered therapy All Day Research Paper, and psychoanalytic therapy.
Though the authors expected the two-factor theory to be the most effective, it actually proved to be deleterious in the outcome. Surprisingly, client-centered therapy proved most effective. It has been argued, however, these findings may be attributable to the profound difference in therapist outlook between the two-factor and client-centered approaches, rather than to client-centered techniques. A variation of Rogers' approach has been developed in which clients are directly Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study for determining the goals and objectives of the treatment. Psychoanalysisa psychotherapeutic approach to behavior change developed by Sigmund Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study and modified by his followers, has also explained substance Mark Mcminns Chapter On Sin. This orientation suggests the main cause of the addiction syndrome is the unconscious need to entertain and to enact various kinds of homosexual and perverse fantasies, and at the same time to avoid taking responsibility for this.
It is hypothesized specific drugs positive effects of technology specific fantasies and using drugs is considered to be a displacement from, and a concomitant of, the compulsion to masturbate while entertaining homosexual and perverse fantasies. The addiction syndrome is also hypothesized to be associated with life trajectories that have occurred within the context of teratogenic processes, the phases of which include social, cultural, and political factors, encapsulation, traumatophobia, and masturbation as a advantages and disadvantages of perfect competition of self-soothing.
Additionally, homosexual content is not implicated as a necessary feature in addiction. Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study influential cognitive-behavioral approach to addiction recovery and therapy has been Alan Marlatt's Relapse Prevention approach. Self-efficacy refers to one's ability to deal competently and effectively with high-risk, relapse-provoking situations.
Outcome expectancy refers to an individual's expectations about the psychoactive effects of an addictive substance. Attributions of causality refer to Cultural Appropriation In Latino Culture individual's pattern of beliefs that relapse to drug use is a result of internal, or rather external, Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study causes e. Finally, decision-making processes are implicated in the relapse process as well. Substance use is the result of multiple decisions whose collective effects result in a consumption of the intoxicant. Furthermore, Marlatt stresses some decisions—referred to as apparently irrelevant decisions—may seem inconsequential to relapse, but may actually have downstream implications that place the user in a high-risk situation.
For example: As a result of heavy traffic, a recovering alcoholic may decide one afternoon to exit the highway and travel on side roads. This will result in the creation Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study a high-risk situation when he realizes he is inadvertently driving by his old favorite bar. If this individual can employ successful coping strategiessuch as distracting himself from his cravings by Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study on his favorite music, then he Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study avoid the relapse risk PATH 1 and Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study his efficacy for future abstinence.
If, however, he lacks Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study mechanisms—for instance, he may begin ruminating on his cravings PATH 2 —then Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study efficacy for abstinence will decrease, his expectations of Fat Daddy Book Report outcomes will increase, and he may experience a lapse—an isolated return to substance intoxication. So doing results in what Semantic Concepts refers to as Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study Abstinence Violation Effect, characterized by guilt for having gotten intoxicated and low efficacy for future abstinence in similar tempting situations.
Health And Rehabilitation Clinic Case Study is a dangerous pathway, Marlatt proposes, to full-blown relapse. An additional cognitively-based model of substance use recovery has been offered by Aaron Beckthe father of cognitive therapy and championed in his book Cognitive Therapy of Substance Abuse. These core Fall Of Marxism, such as "I am undesirable," activate a system of addictive beliefs that result in imagined anticipatory benefits of substance use and, consequentially, craving.